Herculaneum was wiped out and buried, along with Pompeji, when Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD, and the city was destroyed by clouds of burning ashes. After the volcanic ash came down the avalanche of liquid ashes and pumice and buried the city in less than 4 minutes.
The mass permeated and sealed everything – houses, tools, utensils, furniture and people. The city is extremely well preserved and materials such as papyri, wood and decoration of the houses are often intact. The main part of the city is covered with 20 m lava. Only about a quarter of the city has been excavated, amongst other things because the remaining part of the ancient city is buried under the modern city of Resina.
Herculaneum, a commercial city and smaller than Pompeji, had approx. 5000 inhabitants. It was a popular holiday destination for wealthy Romans, who built luxurious summer houses in the area. The excavated area does not include the forum of the city, temples or theaters. In return there is a unique possibility to study Roman private houses, both rich and poor.
The price is for the tour including a local English-speaking guide (max. 30 people).
Coach rent incl. parking 24 people 1.298,45 EUR.
Coach rent incl. parking 36 people 1.408,10 EUR.
Coach rent incl. parking 54 people 1.455,85 EUR.
The tour can be combined with a tour to Mount Vesuvius.
If you wish to use the bus for a trip to Mount Vesuvius, there will be a supplementary charge of 92 EUR.
Parking is paid directly to the warden (last announced parking fee 15 EUR per starting hour)
Mount Vesuvius, is mostly known for its eruption in the year 79 AD, where the ancient cities Pompeji and Herculaneum was buried. The eruption was so strong that it blew away half of the volcanic mountain.
Mount Vesuvius is a cone-shaped stratovolcano at 1281 m. It is the only active volcano in the European mainland, and it is considered one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world, because the area around it is populated by approx. 3.000.000 people and thereby is the most inhabited volcanic area in the world. The volcano's latest eruptions was in 1944 and it is very alarming that it hasn't been since then. The magma chamber which is about 15 m under the volcanic mountain's top has filled with with glowing lava a long time ago and has by now formed a plug. A future eruption is expected to act explosively and Mount Vesuvius is therefore monitored by seismologists.
The tour up Mount Vesuvius is fantastic - you will go by bus to a stop at around 1000 m height. From here you will walk the rest of the way to the crater (20 min. approximately). It is exciting to sense how the landscape changes from being green and fertile to gold and red near the crater. By the crater rim is a fantastic view of the Gulf of Naples.
There are free voluntary English- and German-speaking guides at Mount Vesuvius that can give you exciting explanations.
The guided tour is about 20 min.
Please note that bus size and weather can make the tour impossible on a given day. Only few bus sizes can drive to the stop at Mount Vesuvius. It is possible to go by a local Italian bus from Herculaneum/Pompeji to Mount Vesuvius in stead.
8 EUR is to be paid on site.